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The Atlas of Digitalization

Shaping tomorrow's smart cities

As our physical and digital worlds become intertwined, Siemens is supporting cities to use these connections to realise their advantages.

Digitalization will enable cities to realize opportunities and face challenges. For each of the featured cities we have created a Digitalization Readiness and Potential score to rate how prepared cities are for a connected future, and show what opportunities they have to transform. The scores out of 10 compare and interpret the data produced by each city, which we have collated together from a range of sources.

Chosen themes of Sustainability, Mobility and Opportunity reflect Expo 2020 Dubai, a model of best practice in demonstrating their importance to cities.

While the potential and readiness of each city will reflect their unique challenges, what they have in common is their effort to use digital transformation as an opportunity for lasting positive change.

Data sources

Sustainability

Smart street lights, in use / pilot phase / planning phase / none
Smart street lights, in use / pilot phase / planning phase / none
Source: Signify; Gulf News; Icons of Infrastructure; eeNews; Taipei City Government
Source: Signify; Gulf News; Icons of Infrastructure; eeNews; Taipei City Government
Smart meters, in use / pilot phase / planning phase / none
Smart meters, in use / pilot phase / planning phase / none
Source: Via News; Dubai Electricity and Water; City of Joburg; The Guardian; KPCC; IoT M2M Council
Source: Via News; Dubai Electricity and Water; City of Joburg; The Guardian; KPCC; IoT M2M Council
Electricity from renewable resources, %
Electricity from renewable resources, %
Source: CDP; except Dubai: World Council on City Data
Source: CDP; except Dubai: World Council on City Data
Air quality, µg/m3 (annual PM2.5 average)
Air quality, µg/m3 (annual PM2.5 average)
Source: WHO; except Dubai: World Council on City Data
Source: WHO; except Dubai: World Council on City Data
GHG emissions from buildings and industry, tonnes CO2 equivalent per capita
GHG emissions from buildings and industry, tonnes CO2 equivalent per capita
Source: C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group; except Taipei: CDP Cities 2016 Information Request. Note: Province level data used for Taipei
Source: C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group; except Taipei: CDP Cities 2016 Information Request. Note: Province level data used for Taipei
GHG emissions from waste, tonnes CO2 equivalent per capita
GHG emissions from waste, tonnes CO2 equivalent per capita
Source: C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group; except Taipei: CDP Cities 2016 Information Request. Note: Province level data used for Taipei
Source: C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group; except Taipei: CDP Cities 2016 Information Request. Note: Province level data used for Taipei
Water losses, % consumption
Water losses, % consumption
Source: Kennedy et al 2015; DEWA; Business Insider SA; Government of Taipei; Environment Agency Annual Review of Thames Water 2017-18; LADWP. Note: Losses can be leaks (real or physical losses) but also losses from theft or metering inaccuracy (apparent losses).
Source: Kennedy et al 2015; DEWA; Business Insider SA; Government of Taipei; Environment Agency Annual Review of Thames Water 2017-18; LADWP. Note: Losses can be leaks (real or physical losses) but also losses from theft or metering inaccuracy (apparent losses).

Sustainability

Smart street lights, in use / pilot phase / planning phase / none
Smart street lights, in use / pilot phase / planning phase / none
Source: Signify; Gulf News; Icons of Infrastructure; eeNews; Taipei City Government
Source: Signify; Gulf News; Icons of Infrastructure; eeNews; Taipei City Government
Smart meters, in use / pilot phase / planning phase / none
Smart meters, in use / pilot phase / planning phase / none
Source: Via News; Dubai Electricity and Water; City of Joburg; The Guardian; KPCC; IoT M2M Council
Source: Via News; Dubai Electricity and Water; City of Joburg; The Guardian; KPCC; IoT M2M Council
Electricity from renewable resources, %
Electricity from renewable resources, %
Source: CDP; except Dubai: World Council on City Data
Source: CDP; except Dubai: World Council on City Data
Air quality, µg/m3 (annual PM2.5 average)
Air quality, µg/m3 (annual PM2.5 average)
Source: WHO; except Dubai: World Council on City Data
Source: WHO; except Dubai: World Council on City Data
GHG emissions from buildings and industry, tonnes CO2 equivalent per capita
GHG emissions from buildings and industry, tonnes CO2 equivalent per capita
Source: C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group; except Taipei: CDP Cities 2016 Information Request. Note: Province level data used for Taipei
Source: C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group; except Taipei: CDP Cities 2016 Information Request. Note: Province level data used for Taipei
GHG emissions from waste, tonnes CO2 equivalent per capita
GHG emissions from waste, tonnes CO2 equivalent per capita
Source: C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group; except Taipei: CDP Cities 2016 Information Request. Note: Province level data used for Taipei
Source: C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group; except Taipei: CDP Cities 2016 Information Request. Note: Province level data used for Taipei
Water losses, % consumption
Water losses, % consumption
Source: Kennedy et al 2015; DEWA; Business Insider SA; Government of Taipei; Environment Agency Annual Review of Thames Water 2017-18; LADWP. Note: Losses can be leaks (real or physical losses) but also losses from theft or metering inaccuracy (apparent losses).
Source: Kennedy et al 2015; DEWA; Business Insider SA; Government of Taipei; Environment Agency Annual Review of Thames Water 2017-18; LADWP. Note: Losses can be leaks (real or physical losses) but also losses from theft or metering inaccuracy (apparent losses).

Mobility

Smartphone ownership, % of adults
Smartphone ownership, % of adults
Source: Pew Global; eMarketer. Note: Country level data used for all cities
Source: Pew Global; eMarketer. Note: Country level data used for all cities
Mobile internet speed, Mbps (average)
Mobile internet speed, Mbps (average)
Source: Ookla SpeedTest. Note: Country level data used for all except Johannesburg
Source: Ookla SpeedTest. Note: Country level data used for all except Johannesburg
Automated metro lines, km
Automated metro lines, km
Source: Wavestone
Source: Wavestone
Traffic time index: average one-way transport time in minutes
Traffic time index: average one-way transport time in minutes
Source: Numbeo, February 2019
Source: Numbeo, February 2019
Traffic time index: an estimation of inefficiencies
Traffic time index: an estimation of inefficiencies
Source: Numbeo, February 2019
Source: Numbeo, February 2019
Cost of monthly public transport pass, PPP $
Cost of monthly public transport pass, PPP $
Source: Numbeo; Note: World Bank PPP conversion factors, except Taiwan: Quandl
Source: Numbeo; Note: World Bank PPP conversion factors, except Taiwan: Quandl
GHG transport emissions, tonnes CO2 equivalent per capita
GHG transport emissions, tonnes CO2 equivalent per capita
Source: C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group; except Taipei: CDP Cities 2016 Information Request. Note: Province level data used for Taipei
Source: C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group; except Taipei: CDP Cities 2016 Information Request. Note: Province level data used for Taipei

Mobility

Smartphone ownership, % of adults
Smartphone ownership, % of adults
Source: Pew Global; eMarketer. Note: Country level data used for all cities
Source: Pew Global; eMarketer. Note: Country level data used for all cities
Mobile internet speed, Mbps (average)
Mobile internet speed, Mbps (average)
Source: Ookla SpeedTest. Note: Country level data used for all except Johannesburg
Source: Ookla SpeedTest. Note: Country level data used for all except Johannesburg
Automated metro lines, km
Automated metro lines, km
Source: Wavestone
Source: Wavestone
Traffic time index: average one-way transport time in minutes
Traffic time index: average one-way transport time in minutes
Source: Numbeo, February 2019
Source: Numbeo, February 2019
Traffic time index: an estimation of inefficiencies
Traffic time index: an estimation of inefficiencies
Source: Numbeo, February 2019
Source: Numbeo, February 2019
Cost of monthly public transport pass, PPP $
Cost of monthly public transport pass, PPP $
Source: Numbeo; Note: World Bank PPP conversion factors, except Taiwan: Quandl
Source: Numbeo; Note: World Bank PPP conversion factors, except Taiwan: Quandl
GHG transport emissions, tonnes CO2 equivalent per capita
GHG transport emissions, tonnes CO2 equivalent per capita
Source: C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group; except Taipei: CDP Cities 2016 Information Request. Note: Province level data used for Taipei
Source: C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group; except Taipei: CDP Cities 2016 Information Request. Note: Province level data used for Taipei

Opportunity

Internet users, % of population
Internet users, % of population
Source: ITU; World Bank. Note: Country level data used for all cities
Source: ITU; World Bank. Note: Country level data used for all cities
Internet speed, Mbps (average)
Internet speed, Mbps (average)
Source: Broadband Speedchecker, SpeedTest
Source: Broadband Speedchecker, SpeedTest
Digital Government index
Digital Government index
Source: Waseda-IAC Digital Government Index. Note: Country level data used for all cities
Source: Waseda-IAC Digital Government Index. Note: Country level data used for all cities
Economic performance index, rank
Economic performance index, rank
Source: Brookings Institution Global Metro Monitor 2018
Source: Brookings Institution Global Metro Monitor 2018
Innovation cities Index, rank
Innovation cities Index, rank
Source: 2thinknow Innovation Cities Index 2018
Source: 2thinknow Innovation Cities Index 2018
Crime index
Crime index
Source: Numbeo, February 2019
Source: Numbeo, February 2019
Life satisfaction, average Cantril ladder score
Life satisfaction, average Cantril ladder score
Source: World Happiness Report 2018. Note: Country level data used for all cities
Source: World Happiness Report 2018. Note: Country level data used for all cities

Opportunity

Internet users, % of population
Internet users, % of population
Source: ITU; World Bank. Note: Country level data used for all cities
Source: ITU; World Bank. Note: Country level data used for all cities
Internet speed, Mbps (average)
Internet speed, Mbps (average)
Source: Broadband Speedchecker, SpeedTest
Source: Broadband Speedchecker, SpeedTest
Digital Government index
Digital Government index
Source: Waseda-IAC Digital Government Index. Note: Country level data used for all cities
Source: Waseda-IAC Digital Government Index. Note: Country level data used for all cities
Economic performance index, rank
Economic performance index, rank
Source: Brookings Institution Global Metro Monitor 2018
Source: Brookings Institution Global Metro Monitor 2018
Innovation cities Index, rank
Innovation cities Index, rank
Source: 2thinknow Innovation Cities Index 2018
Source: 2thinknow Innovation Cities Index 2018
Crime index
Crime index
Source: Numbeo, February 2019
Source: Numbeo, February 2019
Life satisfaction, average Cantril ladder score
Life satisfaction, average Cantril ladder score
Source: World Happiness Report 2018. Note: Country level data used for all cities
Source: World Happiness Report 2018. Note: Country level data used for all cities

Notes and other sources

Global Population

Source: Worldometers; estimated values

Urban Population

Source: Our World In Data

Global GDP per capita, PPP (constant 2017 $USD)

Source: Before 1990: Angus Maddison; 1990-2017: World Bank; estimated values

Global carbon emissions from fossil-fuel burning, cement manufacture, and gas flaring

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; Research Institute for Environment Energy, and Economics

Global life expectancy

Gapminder; estimated values

Notes

Latest data available used for cities 2013-2019, accessed February 2019

Disclaimer

The readiness and potential scores have been created to indicate the progress and opportunity for digitalization. These are not definitive scores and are based on a select number of indicators from various sources as detailed in the methodology. The consideration of other figures and indicators may lead to different results. Whilst every effort has been taken to verify the accuracy of the information used, neither Siemens AG nor its affiliates will accept any responsibility or liability for the correctness and completeness of this information. Any action taken based on the information/material provided on this website is strictly at the user’s own risk.

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