Encouraging change

An integrated public transport system that includes metro extensions and a new monorail is helping Cairo’s citizens to move around more easily.

Reducing Cairo’s traffic

In 2021, Cairo ranked 30th in TomTom’s list of cities with the worst congestion. A World Bank study estimated that excessive traffic was costing the economy $8 billion per year, and cited many causes such as fuel subsidies that encourage car ownership, few car parks in the city center, and a relatively small metro system for such a large area.

Nevertheless, congestion has decreased over recent years, in part due to a National Road Project that has developed and extended Egypt’s 23,500-kilometer road network. As a result, Egypt’s road quality ranking has jumped 90 places over the past five years, putting it 28th worldwide. To address other traffic challenges, Cairo is developing an integrated public transport system to encourage people to switch to more sustainable modes of travel. The New Administrative Capital will also benefit from an intelligent traffic system that coordinates traffic signals, smart buses, charging stations, and other mobility services.

Modernizing rail travel and creating a new area of transportation

Cairo Metro is being extended to serve more of the city, with a seven-kilometer extension recently opened in the east. Additionally, residents will soon start to benefit from the country’s first monorail system, which spans 96 kilometers and stops at 33 stations. The two separate sections of track will serve the east and west of the city, and provide rapid transit to the New Administrative Capital.

Egypt’s mainline railway is being modernized, particularly around the Cairo area where advanced technology for signaling, level crossings, and communications is being added to 260 kilometers of railway network north of Cairo. To make commuting easier and establish a more advanced freight network, Egypt will also be installing its first high-speed train with a network of around 1,000 kilometers. In a separate project, Siemens is providing the control and communication systems for Tunnel 2 of the Ahmed Hamdy transportation link beneath the Suez Canal, which will ease the passage of people and freight between cities in South Sinai and the rest of Egypt.

New Cairo Monorail lines under construction

Source: Global Construction Review

Mobility as an economic driver

Transportation is a high priority for the Government, which has secured almost $1.8 billion in development financing for the sector. In addition to reducing congestion, a key objective is to drive economic growth by connecting cities to rural areas, expanding job opportunities, and helping to empower citizens.

Egypt is also encouraging the move to electric vehicles to embrace the many benefits, including the positive impact on air quality. Cairo-based company Infinity plans to establish an integrated national system of 300 charging stations by the end of 2023. Meanwhile, Egypt’s first electric car has an initial manufacturing target of 25,000 vehicles as of 2022, along with manufacturing the first electric buses.

Cairo in numbers


Cairo’s roads are 67% congested during evening rush hour

Source: TomTom


Metro extensions seek to increase ridership from 3.5 million to 6 million passengers

Source: Reuters


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