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New trams and metro trains are improving public transport in Munich, while test roads are being upgraded with smart technology to improve traffic flow.
To achieve its 2035 net-zero target, Munich is keen to reduce the number of cars on its roads. Having successfully encouraged citizens to cycle more by creating 1,200 kilometers of marked bike lanes, the city has turned its attention to expanding the availability of rapid transit.
The Munich metro system was part of the construction plan for the 1972 Olympic games, and has since become the most popular mode of public transport. Currently carrying over one million passengers per day, the city is working to increase metro ridership while improving its energy and cost efficiency. Siemens provided an initial delivery of 21 six-car trains in 2016 to replace existing rolling stock, with a further 46 trains to be delivered over the coming years. The bespoke vehicles offer a high level of comfort and safety, and won a Red Dot Award for design concept.
Residents and tourists will also benefit from 73 additional trams on the popular city network, as well as a planned extension to the lines in the north. Munich was the first city to order the Avenio tram in 2012, which uses low-floor technology and can carry up to 700 passengers at full capacity.
Munich is home to the first dedicated national railway data analytics center, which is helping to minimize malfunctions and downtime across the country. The center gathers data from rail vehicles and infrastructure, and uses machine learning to forecast the behavior of components so that operators can carry out predictive maintenance.
DB Cargo commissioned Siemens Mobility to link its entire 2,600-strong locomotive fleet to the national center. Information is captured in real time and analyzed on the mobility platform Railigent. By identifying patterns, DB Cargo can take early action to optimize the reliability and availability of its service for customers.
In addition to reducing citizen reliance on cars, Munich is developing solutions to improve traffic flow. The TEMPUS project is an experimental area in the north of the city for networked and automated driving. Road infrastructure is being upgraded with smart technology to enable real-time analysis that optimizes traffic flow and journey times. Siemens is partnering with local government, academia, and other companies on the 30-month project, which will ultimately gather valuable data to design an efficient and safe framework for self-driving vehicles.
A recent innovation in electric car charging will also help Munich toward its net-zero objective. Local company Vispiron Charge-V has developed a system that enables regional solar farms to sell power directly to charging stations. The modular units also make it easier for service stations and retailers to provide vehicle charging for customers. Built around the Siemens SIMATIC ET 200SP distributed automation system, the service is simple to use and ensures a stable electricity supply for customers.